The Curriculum at Moonee Ponds Primary School is based on the Victorian Curriculum (from 2017) which describes what is essential for students to achieve from Foundation to Year 10 across Victorian Schools. Refer to the Victorian Curriculum website for more details: http:\\

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 learning areas are a clear and deliberate reaffirmation of the importance of a discipline-based approach to learning. Each of the learning areas provides and is defined by a unique way of seeing, understanding and engaging with the world.

The curriculum includes both knowledge and skills. These are defined by learning areas and capabilities. This curriculum design assumes that knowledge and skills are transferrable across the curriculum and therefore are not duplicated. For example, where skills and knowledge such as asking questions, evaluating evidence and drawing conclusions are defined in Critical and Creative Thinking, these are not duplicated in other learning areas such as History or Health and Physical Education. It is expected that the skills and knowledge defined in the capabilities will be developed, practised, deployed and demonstrated by students in and through their learning across the curriculum.

The design of the Victorian Curriculum F–10 is set out below:

Learning areas (disciplines)


The Arts
·         Dance
·         Drama
·         Media Arts
·         Music
·         Visual Arts
·         Visual Communication Design
Health and Physical Education
The Humanities
·         Civics and Citizenship
·         Economics and Business
·         Geography
·         History
·         Design and Technologies
·         Digital Technologies
Critical and Creative Thinking
Personal and Social

Each curriculum learning area is organised into strands and some into sub-strands. English also has three modes. All learning areas and capabilities have level descriptions, content descriptions, elaborations and achievement standards.

The structure of the curriculum including strands, sub-strands and modes (where relevant) are listed below:

Learning areas


The Arts: (four strands) Explore and Express Ideas, (Arts) Practices, Present and Perform, Respond and Interpret

English: (language modes) Reading & Viewing, Writing and Speaking & Listening (within each mode strands and sub-strands)
Language – language variation and change, language for interaction, text structure and organisation, expressing and developing ideas, phonics and word knowledge
Literature – literature and context, responding to literature, examining literature, creating literature
Literacy – text in context, interacting with others, interpreting, analysing, evaluating, and creating texts

Health and Physical Education: (two strands each with three sub-strands)
Personal, Social and Community Health – being healthy, safe and active, communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing, and contributing to healthy and active communities
Movement and Physical Activity – moving the body, understanding movement, learning through movement.

The Humanities
Civics and Citizenship (three strands) Government and Democracy, Laws and Citizens, Citizenship, Diversity and Identity
Economics and Business (six strands) Resource allocation and making, the business environment, consumer and financial literacy, work and work futures, enterprising behaviours and capabilities, reasoning and interpretation
Geography (two strands and sub-strands)
Geographical Concepts and Skills – place, space and interconnection, data and information
Geographical Knowledge – places and our connection to them (F-2), Diversity and significance of places and environments (Level 3 and 4) Factors that shape places and influences interconnections (Levels 5 and 6)
History (two strands and sub-strands)
Historical Concepts and Skills – chronology, historical sources as evidence, continuity and change, cause and effect (from level 3), historical significance
Historical Knowledge – personal histories, community histories (F-2), Community, remembrance and celebrations, first contacts (Level 3 and 4), the Australian colonies, Australia as a nation (Level 5 and 6)

Languages – Italian: (two interrelated strands and sub-strands)
Communicating – socialising, informing, creating, translating and reflecting
Understanding – systems of language, language variation and change, the role of language and culture

Mathematics: (three strands and sub-strands)
Number and Algebra – number and place value, fractions and decimals, real numbers, money and financial mathematics, patterns and algebra, linear and non-linear relationships
Measurement and Geometry – using units of measurement, shape, geometric reasoning, location and transformation
Statistics and Probability – chance, data representation and interpretation

Science: (two interrelated strands and sub-strands)
Science Understanding – science as a human endeavour, biological sciences, chemical sciences, earth and space sciences, physical sciences
Science Inquiry Skills – questioning and predicting, planning and conducting, recording and processing, analysing and evaluating, and communicating

Design and Technologies: (three related strands and some sub-strands)
Technology and Society (no sub-strands)
Technologies Contexts – engineering principals and systems, food and fibre production, food specialisations, materials and technologies specialisations
Creating Designed Solutions – investigating, generating, producing, evaluating, planning and managing

Digital Technologies: (three related strands) Digital Systems, Data and Information, Creating Digital Solutions

Critical and Creative Thinking: (three interrelated strands) Questions and Possibilities, Reasoning and Metacognition

Ethical: (two strands) Understanding Concepts, Decision Making and Actions

Intercultural: (two strands) Cultural Practices and Cultural Diversity

Personal and Social: (two interrelated strands and sub-strands)
Self-Awareness – recognition and expression of emotions, development of resilience
Social Awareness and Management – appreciation of diversity and understanding of relationships, collaboration